Major Classroom Management Techniques
A positive classroom environment
is vital to effective learning. To have a positive classroom environment,
one must first understand and utilize classroom management techniques.
Drawn from various sources, here are some major classroom management techniques:
The most successful teachers are those who make deliberate decisions based
on sound educational principles (Orlich, 1998).
Emphasize rules at the start of the school year (Orlich, 1998).
Plan for smooth transitions leaving minimal time between activities (Orlich,
Organize activities in advance (Orlich, 1998).
Collaboratively make rules and consistently apply them (Johnson, 1998).
Give clear and concise instructions (Orlich, 1998).
Monitor the classroom environment (Orlich, 1998).
Keep efficient records (Orlich, 1998).
Create strategies for managing interruptions (Orlich, 1998).
Use a behavior contract, which is a formal, written agreement negotiated
between the subject and other persons. It usually specifies the behavior(s)
to be increased (or decreased), the consequences, and the criterion (Kerr
et al, 1998).
Set the stage for appropriate behavior to occur (Rhode, 1998, p. 30).
Find unique and interesting ways to consistently provide motivation and
recognition for exhibiting desirable behaviors (Rhode, 1998, p. 27).
Use student interest to increase student motivation (Johnson, 1998).
Use effective planning and efficient teaching to create an effective learning
environment (Johnson, 1998).
Provide consequences (Kerr et al., 1998).
Strengthen or maintain behavior by using reinforcement (Kerr et al., 1998).
Having another person demonstrate desired behavior has been used successfully
to accelerate (these) behaviors in students of all ages and levels of disability
(Kerr et al., 1998).
The ultimate goal of classroom management is to change behavior with the
least effort possible (Orlich, 1998).
With effective classroom
management techniques in place, it is possible to reduce the number of
behavior modification techniques needed to maintain a positive classroom
environment. If students understand that there will be consequences for
their negative actions, and that the teacher will follow through with those
consequences, they will be more likely to follow the rules.