Essential Assessment Protocols
According to Gleason et al.
(1998), assessment is the gathering of information about student learning.
These processes include paper-and-pencil tests, performance and project
ratings, and observations. Assessment is part of a qualitative description
– making a value judgment in response to the question, "How well does the
student perform?" This is used not only to determine what the student knows
about the given topic, but can also be a reflection of how well the topic
has been taught. Assessment can be formal or informal. Formal assessments
include standardized and norm referenced tests. Informal assessment includes
criterion referenced and curriculum-based assessments. Some assessment
strategies are listed below.
Diagnostic tests are used by teachers to help individuals and also by guidance counselors and special education professionals as screening tools (Orlich et al., 1998).
Assessment, along with classroom teaching has changed throughout the years. They have gone from teacher-centered classes with objective tests, to more student-centered classes with meaningful evaluative processes. The students benefit from these types of settings, because they are able to apply what they have learned, and really think about it in a way that students in the past were not able to.