Essential Assessment Protocols

        According to Gleason et al. (1998), assessment is the gathering of information about student learning. These processes include paper-and-pencil tests, performance and project ratings, and observations. Assessment is part of a qualitative description – making a value judgment in response to the question, "How well does the student perform?" This is used not only to determine what the student knows about the given topic, but can also be a reflection of how well the topic has been taught. Assessment can be formal or informal. Formal assessments include standardized and norm referenced tests. Informal assessment includes criterion referenced and curriculum-based assessments. Some assessment strategies are listed below.