Key Instructional Strategies
The following instructional
strategies gathered from various sources have been proven effective in
teaching Deaf and Hard of Hearing students. They differ very little from
those strategies recommended for hearing children.
Focus on what you are doing rather than how you should be
doing it (Tye-Murray, 1994,p. 15).
Begin with broad goals, and then work to specific objectives (Orlich, 1998,
Focus on communicative, rather than linguistic competence (function vs.
form). (Johnson, 1998).
Encourage (your) child to relate narratives and tell stories (Tye-Murray,
1994, p. 17).
Do not be in a hurry to answer your own questions (Tye-Murray, 1994, p.
Touch upon everyone’s learning modality (Orlich, 1998, p. 173).
Have increasing expectations for the student (Johnson, 1998).
In discussion groups, students are active learners (Orlich, 1998, p. 260).
The use of dialogue journals with deaf students is a natural way to develop
their competence in reading and writing English, whether it is considered
a first or second language Bailes et al., 1986, p.5).
Teach to produce understanding, and your students will find the other categories
easily attainable (Orlich, 1998, p. 90).
…It is important to remember that students need some ongoing guidance and
modeling… (Welsh-Charrier, 1991, p. 15).
Relate the knowledge or process being taught to a larger organized body
of knowledge (Orlich, 1998, p. 142). also see Grice’s "Given-New" Principle
(Gleason, 1997, p. 231)
While similar in format to dialogue journals, literature journals provide
another journal writing alternative due to their focused nature (Welsh-Charrier,
1991, p. 4).
These are just a few of the many instructional strategies available
for teachers of the Deaf to use in their classroom. I intend to incorporate
these strategies into my own teaching style. I feel that it is imperative
to have a base of ideas to start with and to build on them as the years
progress. This gives you ideas to start with, but allows you to grow and
change to meet the needs of your students.