"Let’s play—you and me!"
or do we play differently?
Antia, S. (1985) Social integration of hearing impaired children: Fact or fiction? Volta Review, Oct/Nov., 279-289.
Antia, S. and Kreimeyer, K. (1996). Social interaction
and acceptance of deaf and hard-of-hearing children and their
peers: A comparison of social-skills and familiarity-based interventions. Volta Review, 98, 157-180.
Esposito, B. and Koorland, M. (1989). Play behavior of
hearing impaired children: Integrated and segregated
settings. Exceptional Children, 55, 412-419.
McCauley, R., Bruininks, R., and Kennedy, P. (1976). Behavioral
interactions of hearing impaired children in
regular classrooms. Journal of Special Education, 10, 275-283.
The development of play for hearing impaired children and hearing children
appears to have more similarities than differences. Play development for
both groups goes through similar stages, however hearing impaired children,
due to the communication delay, may progress at a slower rate. This may
imply that their play interactions may appear less mature than their hearing
peers. These differences may lead hearing impaired children to be less
comfortable with unfamiliar peers, however, relying on the teacher in unfamiliar
situations. It appears that familiarity can improve the social interaction
of hearing impaired children; thus it seems appropriate to offer them many
situations for play with stable partners during their early years. Offering
many opportunities for participation with stable, small groups may encourage
growth in a variety of play activities. It also may be beneficial for the
teacher/parent to reduce his/her interaction with the children during free
play to encourage child-child interaction rather than adult-child interactions
(See question #7).
Lederberg, A., Ryan, H., and Robbins, B. (1986) Peer interaction
in young deaf children: The effect of
partner hearing status and familiarity. American Psychological Association, 22, 691-700.
Kaplan, B. and McHale, F. (1980). Communication and play
behaviors of a deaf preschooler and his
younger brother. Volta Review, December, 476-485.
Higgenbotham, D. and Baker, B. (1981). Social participation
and cognitive play differences in hearing
-impaired and normally hearing preschoolers. Volta Review, April, 135-149.
[Return to Main page]