1. Definitions

     (No author) What is reading readiness? [Online]. Available. www.sil.org/lingualinks/library/litercay [1997, November 25]

     Salinger, Terry S. Literacy For Young Children, Second Edition. Prentice-Hall, Inc. Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 1996.

     B. R. Schirmer (Personal Communication, July 6, 1998)

     Soderbergh, Ragnhild. (1985) Early Reading with Deaf Children. Prospects: Quarterly Review of Education, v15, n1, p 77-85, 1985.

     There is some debate concerning whether or not the following items are actually separate entities. For my intents and purposes, I believe that the items below do differ from one another.

Emergent Literacy - Evolving knowledge (Schirmer, 1998)
Emergent emphasizes an increasing awareness of print. Literacy emphasizes the ever-increasing knowledge of the functions of reading and writing. "The term emergent literacy acknowledges the importance of children’s attention to the varied uses of print in the environment. It emphasizes the continuum of language growth from oral language through mastery of reading and writing and focuses on what children themselves do to become literate (Salinger, 13-14)."

Reading Readiness - Implies a place in development (Schirmer, 1998).
"Inherent in this definition are the ideas of a developmental sequence and an accumulation of necessary skills and concepts (Salinger, 12)." Reading readiness is the readiness to profit from beginning reading instruction (Website, 1997, November).

Early Literacy - Beginning of formal knowledge structure, a narrow band of time (Schirmer, 1998).

      I initially believed that the items listed above were one in the same. Through my research, I have discovered that each item is unique and that some ideas/theories are becoming obsolete. I now better comprehend the differences and appreciate this knowledge.

Please direct comments or questions to:
Kelly Luke
Parent/Infant Outreach Specialist
North Dakota School for the Deaf
9th Floor/DPI
600 East Boulevard Avenue
Bismarck, ND 58505