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Directed Reading-Thinking Activity

Key Words: Curriculum Materials, Literacy, K-12

By: Nancy Padak, Kent State University

OVERVIEW:
predicting, reading, proving; divergent thinking to convergent thinking

MATERIALS:
Fiction lending itself to prediction works well initially. After students are accustomed to DR-TAs, selections from content textbooks or other nonfiction can also be used. The teacher should decide beforehand where students will stop to discuss and predict.

PROCEDURES:

  1. Students read selection title (and perhaps a bit of the selection) and make predictions about content.

  2. Students read to the first predetermined stop. They confirm, refine or reject their initial hypotheses and justify their ideas with reference to the text. Students then make new hypotheses.

  3. Students read the next section and follow procedures in step two. This cycle continues until text is read.

  4. Follow-up activities may be completed after the text is read.

NOTES:

The DL-TA, Directed Listening-Thinking Activity, proceeds in the same manner. The only difference is that the teacher reads the text to the students.

For more information, see Stauffer, Russell G. Directing Reading Maturity as a Cognitive Process. New York: Harper and Row, 1969.

Begin by reading the "title".

Q: What do you think this story is about?
Q: Why do you say that?
(think time & tone of acceptance)

Have the child read aloud (or you read to the child for a Directed Reading-Listening Activity) through to the first stopping point, through the story's initiating event.

Q: What is the story about?
Q: What do you think will happen next?
Q: Why do you say that?

Read through to the next point.

Q: What has happened:
Q: How did your predictions turn out?
Q: What do you think will happen now?
Q: Why do you say that?
Q: What else might happen ?

Read through to the next stopping point.

Q: What else has happened?
Q: How did your predictions turn out?
Q: How do you think the story will end?
Q: Why do you say that?
Q: How else might it end?

Read through to the end of the story.

Q: How did the story end?
Q: How did your predictions turn out?

The DR-TA begins with very open-ended or divergent responses and moves toward more accurate predictions and text based inferences as the reader acquires information from reading.

What do you think the story will be about? Why do you think so? What do you think? What do you think will happen next? What part of the story gave you a clue? Can you prove it? What else might happen?

Uploaded by: Jessica Soltesz/Kent State University/Deaf Education Major