Summaries of Papers Presented at the
1999 ACE-DHH Conference


“He said.. She said.. What Oral and TC Teachers Say the Other Does”
Susan Easterbrooks,
Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA

Eight focus groups consisting of teachers of students who are deaf described how teachers with oral or total communication philosophies taught. The survey indicated the misunderstandings that are abundant.

Research for Teachers of Deaf Students: Issues, Practice and Challenges
Susan Foster, Ron Kelly and Mike Stinson
 NTID-RIT, Rochester, NY

During this presentation the issue was raised and discussed with participants regarding a variety of concerns related to the inclusion of research of programs which prepare teachers to work with deaf students.

Using Morphology To Teach Deaf Students to Read What They See
Martha Gonter Gaustad
Bowling Green State University, Toledo, OH

This session considered a program for investigation and instruction of the morphological component of English as a basis for reading instruction with profoundly deaf students.

A Closer Look at Educational Interpreters in Rural Settings
Carmel Yarger,
Bloomsburg, University, Bloomsburg, PA

A survey was sent to currently employed interpreters working in educational settings within two predominantly rural states.  Results indicated that the interpreters were concerned about the lack of resources, low pay and the need to network with other interpreters.

Visual Impairment Among Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students Attending NTID
M. Josara Wallber
NTID, Rochester, NY

NTID conducted intake screening of vision with subsequent follow-up ophthalmological diagnostics for over a decade.  The incidence of impaired vision among the student population, particularly Usher Syndrome was presented.  The significance of these data and subsequent accommodation was reviewed. Suggestions for screening programs and instructional strategies for the visually impaired deaf and hard of hearing student were reviewed.

Innovative Partnerships in Teacher Preparation
Paula Scott
Texas Women’s University, Denton, TX
Karen Stein,
Moog Oral School, St. Louis, MO

This presentation provided information on how postsecondary teacher training programs can connect with schools for the deaf and hard of hearing for a positive pre-service experience.

Educational Interpreting Licensure Program Implementation
Pamela Luft
Kent State University, Kent, OH

Ohio required licensure for educational interpreters starting 1/1/98.  Kent State University implemented the 4-year bachelor’s program in the state.  The presentation addressed start-up strategies.

Predictors of Educational Placement in Residential and Public Schools for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
Kathleen M. Chinn
New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM

Language levels of 150 deaf children at a residential school were compared regarding communication mode.  Language levels of American Sign Language users were significantly better.

Senate Bill #37
Laurence Hayes
Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY

Senate bill #37, the 1998 interpreter licensure in Kentucky produced a significant impact on the Department of Education, interpreters, consumers and teachers.  Issues related to the bill were discussed.

Undergraduate Majors in Education of Persons with Hearing Loss: Who are They and Why are They Here?
Richard Nowell and Diane Klein,
Indiana University of Pennsylvania,
Indiana, PA

A longitudinal study of students entering IUP’s program in Education of Persons with Hearing Loss in the current year will follow these students through their academic career and into their professional lives, as we seek to determine variables that are predictors of academic success and successful transition into the professional field.  The first part of the study describes the subjects; particularly looking at the factors that motivated them to enter the program.


Effects of Communication Mode on Language Levels of 150 Children from a Residential School for the Deaf
Kathleen Chinn
New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM

Etiology, degree of hearing loss, ethnicity, secondary disabilities and academic achievement were compared at two settings.  Etiology, hearing loss and academic achievement data were significant.

Internet Based Expectations, Problems & Solutions for the Field of Deaf Education
Harold Johnson
Kent State University, Kent, OH

Internet use is becoming increasingly common within K-12 schools.  The presentation explored how such use and how it can be efficiently and effectively extended to include the field of Deaf Education.

Deaf and Hearing Students’ Transfer and Application of Skill in Math Problem Solving
Ronald R. Kelly and Keith Mousley
NTID, Rochester, NY

This research examined deaf and hearing students’ application and transfer of their math computation and problem solving skills to similar problems presented under different conditions.

Signing Story Problems in Primary Mathematics Instruction: Implications for Teacher Preparation
Claudia M. Pagliaro and Ellen Ansell
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA

This session described teachers’ use of story problems and teachers’ interpretation of problem difficulty.  Results stem from a collaborative project bridging deaf education and mathematics education.

Bilingual/Bicultural Philosophy and Deaf Education in Sweden: Is This the Way to Go?
Hanna Azar Hadadian
Ball State University, Muncie, IN

A narrative report of a visit to Swedish schools where Bilingual Education for the Deaf/Hard of Hearing has been in practice since the mid-1970’s.

An Analysis of Deaf and Hearing Students’ Perceptions of Schooling
Pamela Luft and Susan Brooks
Kent State University, Kent, OH

Deaf/Hard of Hearing students in northern Ohio were interviewed using critical incident techniques.  Analysis examined best/worst learning across five categories to discover differences and similarities.

Teacher Educators in Deaf Education: Why They Entered Higher Education and Their Current Priorities and Accomplishments
Barbara Bodner-Johnson and David Martin
Gallaudet University, DC

This study presented information on why teacher educators in deaf education moved from the school classroom to the university.  Priorities regarding teaching, scholarship and service, scholarly productivity and perceptions of working environments were examined.

Legislative Mandates: Teachers’ Attitudes Toward the SCPI and Required ASL Competency
Susan Rose, Anna Paulson and Joyce Daugaard
 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

This presentation summarized the results of a survey conducted among teachers of deaf and hard of hearing children five years after the implementation of a legislative mandate for ASL proficiency as a part of licensure requirements and renewals.


Survey of Educational Interpreters in Ohio: Level of Training and Identified Needs
Pamela Luft, Harold Johnson
and Kristen Kask
Kent State University, Kent, OH

The Ohio Department of Education surveyed all educational interpreters in public schools to collect data on their current work setting and their preparation and training.

Technology in (not and) the Curriculum
Barbara Strassman
The College of New Jersey, Ewing, NJ

This presentation explored curriculum modifications, which facilitated the use of technology IN education rather than technology education in preparing teachers for classrooms of the 21st Century.

Deaf Education Student Teachers Competencies: What Do Supervising Teachers Perceive as Important
Hanna Azar Hadadian and Joan A. Studnicky
Ball State University, Muncie, IN

In a statewide survey, teachers of deaf and hard of hearing students share competencies needed by student teachers.  Results were compared with new state standards.

Teacher Burnout in Deaf Education:  A National Study
Michael Bienenstock
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX

A national study on teacher burnout in deaf education was done using the Maslach Burnout Inventory.  Nearly 1000 responses were received.  From the results norms were developed for teachers of the deaf.

Developmental Practicum Experiences of Second-Year Graduate Students in Deaf Education: Implications for Practicum Placement and Faculty
Student Collaborative Research
Simon Guteng
Gallaudet University, Washington, DC

The purpose of this research study was to examine the developmental practicum experiences of second-year graduate students in the deaf education major and the implications of their experiences for first year teaching.

Broadening the Scope of Teacher Education Through Online Classes
Karen Dilka & Debbie Haydon
Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY

The demonstration of a current online course was presented.  An exchange of ideas and strategies was shared as well as the benefits and concerns of putting a course online.

Readers and Writers Workshop Approach to Literacy: A Model for Teacher Preparation Programs
Jan Kelley-King
Utah State University, Logan, UT

The interactive presentation shared resources, recommended texts, and suggestions for implementation of a readers and writers workshop in a college classroom for future teachers and in the classroom for children who are deaf and hard of hearing.

Moving from Entitlement (K-12) to Accommodation (post secondary): IDEA vs. ADA
Josara Wallber
NTID, Rochester, NY

This session compared and contrasted the laws, which apply in K-12 vs. Postsecondary education.  Information concerning documentation, classification and accommodation at the Post Secondary level was provided.

The C-Print Speech-to-Print System: Implications for Teachers of the Deaf
Michael Stinson, Pam Francis, Susan Stinson
Martha Nelson-Nasca
Monroe County BOCES, Rochester, NY

This presentation demonstrated and discussed a real-time speech-to-print system for communication access and learning for deaf and hard of hearing students.


Using Multi-media Software to Enhance the Teaching Learning Process: Exploring the Features of Microsoft PowerPoint
Alan Marvelli
Smith College, Northampton, MA

Multi-media software provides almost limitless possibilities to make teaching/learning process more interesting and exciting.  This workshop offered the novice an opportunity to develop basic PowerPoint skills for creating graphics presentations in a variety of formats.  As time permitted exploration of multi-media and hyperlink capabilities of the software and its relevance to education of children who are deaf were discussed.

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