The following teaching materials focus on one or more of the twenty recommended practices for literacy, math, and science. Each was developed for use in deaf education teacher preparation programs. All video clips are captioned.
You are encouraged not only to use these materials in your courses but to share feedback with our Project.
Please also review our Recommended Practices in Literacy and in Math/Science for
Students who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (including technology integration ideas) document.
1. Provide and monitor level-appropriate reading materials for independent reading activities as well as time to read.
2. Use technology such as CDs, captioned materials, and interest-based Internet sites that are known to be motivating.
3. Teach phonemic awareness and phonics either through structured, auditory-based programs with appropriate modifications for oral students OR through specialized materials and techniques that provide visual support (e.g., Lindamood Bell, Visual Phonics, Cued Speech, teacher-developed visual materials) to students who sign or need additional visual support.
4. Teach metacognitive skills such as reading strategies (e.g., re-reading, looking at pictures, predicting, visualizing, etc.) prior to, during, and after reading through Guided Reading activities to promote text comprehension.
5. Promote reading skill development through written language applications such as dialogue journals, research reading and writing, language experience stories, writing to read, or other language-based programs.
6. Use content area reading materials to promote reading comprehension through scaffolding and other content area techniques. Enhance science and math knowledge by embedding literacy instruction into activities.
7. Have students collaborate with others on activities that promote literacy development through such activities as shared reading and writing.
8. Teach vocabulary meaning through semantic-based activities that enhance knowledge of multiple meanings of words, idiomatic expressions, and denotation (concrete) and connotation (abstract) meanings of words.
9. Teach vocabulary meaning through morphographemic-based activities that enhance knowledge of word meaning through understanding of root/base words, prefixes, suffixes, including Latin and Greek derivatives.
10. Incorporate specific activities and strategies to promote either spoken reading fluency in oral students or signed reading fluency in signing students.
1. Be a skilled communicator in ASL, spoken language, English-based sign systems or other languages and modes used by students.
2. Provide science and math concepts using the student’s first language before competence is assessed in English.
3. Possess specific training, experience, and certification in content area knowledge of the subject being taught.
4. Enhance concept mastery through the use of minds-on activities and materials that focus on active learning principles that cognitively engage students.
5. Enhance concept mastery through the use of visual organizers such as graphs, charts, visual maps, etc.
6. Teach science concepts through incorporating a collaborative, case-based problem-solving approach to real-world problems allowing sufficient discussion time.
7. Use technology such as CDs, captioned materials, and interest-based Internet sites that are known to be motivating.
8. Teach science and math using “specialized content vocabulary” either by signs or fingerspelling to increase content comprehension and promote group discussions and opportunities for self-expression about specific topics. When interpreter is used, pre-teach the vocabulary and agree upon signs for specialized content.
9. Teach step-by step strategies for problem solving in mathematics but extend beyond drill and practice to math and science processes that require higher order critical thinking and problem solving skills.
10. Address the gap between the student’s language abilities and the language demands of the textbook and the instructor by scaffolding between the students’ reading levels and the materials chosen.
Last Update: 07/27/07
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